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NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code 2019 Edition

 NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm Code 2019 Ed.



NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code Handbook
NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm
& Signaling Code Handbook

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NTC Red Book, Fire Alarm Certification Guide

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NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code 2019 Edition

Expanded and updated, the 2019 NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code® reflects the latest technologies, applications, and research.

Update to the new benchmark for fire alarm systems, with requirements that reflect code user needs and concerns in the field today. The 2019 edition of NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code presents the most advanced provisions ever developed for the application, installation, location, performance, and inspection, testing, and maintenance of fire alarm and emergency communications systems -- including Mass Notification Systems (MNS).

This edition features important updates for designers, installers, and AHJs—from added testing requirements for Energy Storage Systems (ESS), to new requirements for HVLS fans and air-sampling smoke detectors.

In a major change to scope, NFPA 72 now addresses carbon monoxide protection.

Material previously in NFPA 720, Standard for the Installation of Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detection and Warning Equipment is relocated into the 2019 edition of NFPA 72. Critical requirements are incorporated into:

  • Chapter 17 for carbon monoxide detectors
  • Chapter 14 for installation, testing, and maintenance
  • Chapter 29 for carbon monoxide alarms -- with a significant amount of additional information
  • New Annex H

Other key changes address occupant evacuation, areas of refuge, and VRLA batteries:

  • Major revisions to the requirements for fire service access elevators and occupant evacuation elevators (OEE) coordinate with changes made in ASME A17.1/CSA B44. Annex text is added for clarification.
  • Extensively revised requirements for occupant evacuation operation (OEO) coordinate with the new best practices and field research.
  • In addition to revised requirements for area of refuge (area of rescue assistance), Chapter 24 now includes requirements for stairway communications systems, elevator landing communications systems, and occupant evacuation elevator lobby communications systems.
  • Chapter 14, Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance now incorporates valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) batteries.
  • New and updated definitions bring NFPA 72 up-to-date with current technologies. For example, the terms strobe, light, and visible are changed to visual notification appliance, recognizing use of LED products that can be used for fire alarm.
The 2019 edition of NFPA 72 is a must-have resource for everyone involved with fire alarm design, installation, inspection, and maintenance


   NFPA 72® National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code 2019 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Retroactivity
1.5 Equivalency
1.6 Units and Formulas
1.7 Code Adoption Requirements
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
Chapter 4 Reserved
Chapter 5 Reserved
Chapter 6 Reserved
Chapter 7 Documentation
7.1 Application (SIG-FUN)
7.2 Minimum Required Documentation (SIG-FUN)
7.3 Design (Layout) Documentation
7.4 Shop Drawings (Installation Documentation) (SIG-FUN)
7.5 Completion Documentation
7.6 Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Documentation (SIG-TMS)
7.7 Records, Record Retention, and Record Maintenance
7.8 Forms
Chapter 8 Reserved
Chapter 9 Reserved
Chapter 10 Fundamentals
10.1 Application
10.2 Purpose
10.3 Equipment
10.4 Installation and Design
10.5 Personnel Qualifications
10.6 Power Supplies
10.7 Signal Priority
10.8 Detection and Signaling of Conditions
10.9 Responses
10.10 Distinctive Signals
10.11 Alarm Signals.
10.12 Fire Alarm Notification Appliance Deactivation
10.13 Carbon Monoxide (CO) Notification Appliance Deactivation.
10.14 Supervisory Signals
10.14 Trouble Signals
10.16 Emergency Control Function Status Indicators
10.17 Notification Appliance Circuits and Control Circuits.
10.18 Annunciation and Annunciation Zoning
10.19 Monitoring Integrity of In-Building Fire Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications Systems
10.20 Documentation and Notification
10.21  Impairments
10.22Unwanted Alarms
Chapter 11 Reserved
Chapter 12 Circuits and Pathways
12.1 Application
12.2 General
12.3 Pathway Class Designations
12.4 Pathway Survivability
12.5 Shared Pathway Designations
12.6 Monitoring Integrity and Circuit Performance of Installation Conductors and Other Signaling Channels
12.7 Nomenclature
Chapter 13 Reserved
Chapter 14 Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
14.1 Application
14.2 General
14.3 Inspection
14.4 Testing
14.5 Maintenance
14.6 Records
Chapter 15 Reserved
Chapter 16 Reserved
Chapter 17 Initiating Devices
17.1 Application
17.2 Purpose
17.3 Performance-Based Design
17.4 General Requirements
17.5 Requirements for Smoke and Heat Detectors
17.6 Heat-Sensing Fire Detectors
17.7 Smoke-Sensing Fire Detectors
17.8 Radiant Energy–Sensing Fire Detectors
17.9 Combination, Multi-Criteria, and Multi-Sensor Detectors
17.10 Gas Detection
17.11 Other Fire Detectors
17.12 Carbon Monoxide Detectors.
17.13 Sprinkler Waterflow Alarm-Initiating Devices
17.14 Detection of Operation of Other Automatic Extinguishing Systems
17.15 Manually Actuated Alarm-Initiating Devices
17.16 Fire Extinguisher Electronic Monitoring Device
17.17 Supervisory Signal–Initiating Devices
Chapter 18 Notification Appliances
18.1 Application
18.2 Purpose
18.3 General
18.4 Audible Characteristics
18.5 Visible Characteristics — Public Mode
18.6 Visible Characteristics — Private Mode
18.7 Supplementary Visible Signaling Method
18.8 Textual Audible Appliances
18.9 Textual and Graphical Visible Appliances.
18.10 Tactile Appliances
18.11 Standard Emergency Service Interface
Chapter 19 Reserved
Chapter 20 Reserved
Chapter 21 Emergency Control Function Interfaces
21.1 Application
21.2 General
21.3 Elevator Recall for Fire Fighters' Service
21.4 Elevator Shutdown
21.5 Fire Service Access Elevators.
21.6 Occupant Evacuation Elevators (OEE)
21.7 Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) Systems
21.8 High Volume Low Speed (HVLS) Fans.
21.9 Door and Shutter Release
21.10 Electrically Locked Doors
21.11 Exit Marking Audible Notification Systems
Chapter 22 Reserved
Chapter 23 Protected Premises Fire Alarm Systems
23.1 Application
23.2 General
23.3 System Features
23.4 System Performance and Integrity
23.5 Performance of Initiating Device Circuits (IDCs)
23.6 Performance of Signaling Line Circuits (SLCs)
23.7 Performance of Notification Appliance Circuits (NACs)
23.8 System Requirements
23.9 In-Building Fire Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications
23.10 Fire Alarm Systems Using Tone
23.11 Suppression System Actuation
23.12 Off-Premises Signals
23.13 Guard’s Tour Supervisory Service
23.14 Suppressed (Exception Reporting) Signal System
23.15 Protected Premises Emergency Control Functions.
23.16 Special Requirements for Low-Power Radio (Wireless) Systems
Chapter 24 Emergency Communications Systems (ECS)
24.1 Application
24.2 Purpose
24.3 General
24.4 In-Building Fire Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications Systems (EVACS)
24.5 In-Building Mass Notification Systems
24.6 Wide-Area Mass Notification Systems
24.7 Distributed Recipient Mass Notification Systems (DRMNS)

24.8 Two-Way, In-Building Wired Emergency Services Communications Systems
24.9 Two-Way Radio Communications Enhancement Systems
Area of Refuge (Area of Rescue Assistance) Emergency Communications Systems, Stairway Communications Systems, Elevator Landing Communications Systems, and Occupant Evacuation Elevator Lobby Communications Systems.
24.11 Information, Command, and Control
24.12 Performance-Based Design of Mass Notification Systems
24.13 Documentation for Emergency Communications Systems
Chapter 25 Reserved
Chapter 26 Supervising Station Alarm Systems
26.1 Application
26.2 General
26.3 Central Station Service Alarm Systems.
26.4 Proprietary Supervising Station Alarm Systems.
26.5 Remote Supervising Station Alarm Systems
26.6 Communications Methods for Supervising Station Alarm Systems
Chapter 27 Public Emergency Alarm Reporting Systems
27.1 Application
27.2 General Fundamentals
27.3 Management and Maintenance
27.4 Communications Methods
27.5 Alarm Processing Equipment
27.6 Alarm Boxes
27.7 Public Cable Plant
27.8 Emergency Communications Systems (ECS)
Chapter 28 Reserved
Chapter 29 Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms and Household Fire Alarm Systems
29.1 Application
29.2 Purpose
29.3 Basic Requirements
29.4 Remote Annunciation.
29.5 Notification.

29.6 Assumptions.
29.7 Carbon Monoxide Detection.

29.8 Detection and Notification
29.9 Power Supplies
29.10 Equipment Performance
29.11 Installation
29.12 Optional Functions
29.13 Maintenance and Tests
29.14 Markings and Instructions
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Engineering Guide for Automatic Fire Detector Spacing
Annex C System Performance and Design Guide
Annex D Speech Intelligibility
Annex E Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 72
Annex F Wiring Diagrams and Guide for Testing Fire Alarm Circuits
Annex G Guidelines for Emergency Communication
Strategies for Buildings and Campuses
Annex H Carbon Monoxide

Annex I Informational References


Building Codes and Related
Low Voltage / Fire Alarm Related

Electrical Exam Prep
2017 NEC and Related
2014 NEC and Related
Electrical Theory
Electrical Calculations

1455920568, 9781455919741
9781455911646, 145591164X
9997010299, 9789997010292

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